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Proper Planting Of Thuja And Caring For Them

Pre-cultivation of the land and the correct preventive actions during planting can save you from fighting diseases and insects in the future. Learn about the features of thuja and how proper planting and care of trees will help protect them from negative external influences and save their lives.

The fact that thujas have phytocidity (the ability of plants to form poisonous volatile substances that suppress or have a detrimental effect on the growth of bacteria, fungi and protozoa, as well as small insects), helps them a lot to fight pests and prevents the development of diseases. Therefore, there is an opinion that arborvitae is the hardiest of all known trees, and that they are practically not subject to any diseases. And insect pests bypass them.

But negative external influences, such as urban dust, smog, various mechanical damage to trees and needles, often lead to a weakening of the protective properties of the plant. There are quite a few diseases that these trees are exposed to. This is what we’ll talk about today.

Tui characteristic

Tui are very popular today. They have become an important link in landscape design, thanks to:

  • Decorative features;
  • Good life expectancy;
  • Unpretentiousness;
  • Minimal care;
  • Resistance to diseases, pests.

Today, thuja can be seen in every city center, in many gardens and courtyards. After all, they tolerate any interference in their growth with scissors and secateurs. It is easy and convenient to cut them, and beautiful and well-groomed, they will give a majestic look to any building and territory.

These coniferous cypress trees grow slowly but surely. They have dense dark green short-needle needles and a dense crown. With age, the needles become scaly. Tui is native to East Asia and North America. Their life expectancy is 100-150 years.

These trees are undemanding to the soil, but in dry land and in a dark place they lose their decorative features, turn yellow and fade, and the crown becomes rare. In moist soil and under the sun, thujas grow into beautiful ornamental plants. They tolerate both drought and cold very well.

But, despite the widespread theory of enduring health, thuja, like all trees, are often attacked by pests, for some reason their health may be weakened.

Proper fit and care

Sometimes seemingly healthy thuja for no reason begin to turn yellow and crumble. The causes of this disease can be different:

  • Incorrect landing;
  • Poor care;
  • Excessive soil moisture.

Planting

To properly plant a thuja, it does not need to be deepened much. The root neck must be protected, that is, it does not need to be exposed much when planting. It is best to plant a thuja in a sunny place, but immediately after disembarking, it is advisable to shade it a little. The soil near the plant must be mulched.

Care

Thuja needs constant care. The most important thing in this business is regular watering. But most importantly, don’t overdo it. By waterlogging the ground, you can bring the root system to death. Watering thuja is recommended once a week or a month. Young trees – more often, adults – less often.

In winter, it is better to cover the ground with sawdust, in summer – with peat. This will help retain moisture.

Spraying needles with water is also an important factor in proper care. In this way, you protect the tree from the sun’s rays, which can cause burns and, as a result, the appearance of rot. Wrapping a tree trunk with kraft paper is also good for this.

Every spring you need to cut a coniferous tree. Do not forget to remove diseased shoots so that the disease does not spread to the entire tree. But there is nothing to worry about, because shortening the shoots by thirty percent twice a year, you stimulate the growth of branches and thereby give them splendor.

Features of watering and top dressing

In spring, it is desirable to feed coniferous plants with fertilizers. Fertilizers such as biohumus, as well as mineral and organic fertilizers – compost, ash, are well suited for this.

Before the onset of winter, it is impossible to feed the thuja in any case. After all, this will stimulate its growth, and in the cold, young shoots will die. Tui for the winter is best covered with a protective frame.

Soil moisture

From excessive soil moisture, the root system of the thuja rots and dies. As we have said, this can come from frequent watering of the plant. But sometimes it can happen, and regardless of the correctness or incorrectness of your care.

Ground water also affects the moisture content of the soil. Sometimes they rise high, and much more water reaches the root of the plant than it needs. Excess moisture has a detrimental irreversible effect on the thuja root. This process must be controlled, not allowing watering from above.

Outcome

It can be noted that by properly caring for your favorite thuja, you can easily grow a tree of incredible beauty in your garden. And adhering to the recommendations for top dressing and moderate watering, it will attract the admiring glances of your guests, and delight you for many years. Read also about the main pests of thuja and methods of dealing with their diseases in the following articles.

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