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Orange – 7 Rules Of Agricultural Technology, Choose The Best Varieties For Growing At Home

Orange is an evergreen citrus tree whose fruits are familiar to us. Orange plant – with evergreen, leathery dense leaves and unusual fruits. In nature – high, in our growing conditions at home – up to 150-200 cm, the height is easily adjusted by pruning. Like most citrus fruits, the fruits are covered with a thick two-layer peel. The upper part is rich orange and contains many aromatic essential oils. Internal – white, loose. The pulp consists of many elongated sacs with the thinnest skin, filled with juice.

Orange flowers are white, in inflorescences of several buds. The aroma of flowers is wonderful, delicate, with a bittersweet note, it is very much appreciated by perfumers. In nature, oranges grow in the tropics, subtropics, entire plantations – in the Mediterranean, in China and other countries with a warm and humid climate. And in our conditions, from germinated seeds, among amateurs, often only cute trees grew, but they did not give fruits, and did not even bloom. Growing a real tasty orange at home in a tub was previously considered some kind of miracle.

The thing is that the orange (Citrus sinensis) is a very ancient hybrid of mandarin and pamelo. It does not exist in the wild. People have been growing it for thousands of years, and have created many varieties, with different tastes, adapted to growing in regions with different climates. And the best varieties of oranges are vegetatively propagated. That is, in order to get fruits at home or in a greenhouse, you need to purchase indoor grafted orange seedlings that can grow in greenhouse conditions, in tubs on a home windowsill, greenhouse or winter garden, in a heated greenhouse – read the descriptions in the catalog.

Orange - 7 Rules Of Agricultural Technology

Benefits of grafted orange seedlings:

  • This is a group of compact and relatively unpretentious plants. If you choose the right orange seedlings and follow the recommendations of our care and growers, you will have your homemade oranges for the family table and, if you wish, even for sale.
  • An adult plant in the right growing conditions in a greenhouse or conservatory can produce up to 12-15 kg of oranges per season. On a home windowsill, of course, the yield of different varieties of oranges will not be so significant, but several dozen fruits from one tree will give you great pleasure, give you a lot of vitamins, aroma and taste.
  • Please note: in varietal seedlings of our catalog, flowers appear in February-March, that is, earlier than in its native subtropics. This is an important property of the best varieties of orange for Ukraine, it gives plants more time to form fruits in optimal light conditions for them.
  • Although oranges are short daylight plants, the varieties in our catalog are well adapted to the variation in the length of the light period in our growing conditions.
  • Another advantage of grafted seedlings is that you know exactly which variety you are growing. We provide full descriptions, consultations, we will help you choose the best variety for your conditions.
  • Growing oranges in Ukraine is no longer a rarity. According to experience, in greenhouses, the growth of young shoots in the southern regions in Zaporozhye, Kherson, Odessa, Nikolaev regions starts from the 2nd-3rd decade of February. Flowering – comes from the beginning of March.
  • A special rootstock enables plants to withstand short-term temperature drops down to -5°C. This, of course, will not make them happy. But if this happens due to an oversight or for technical reasons, then they will stand without much loss. This is in case you, for example, did not have time to bring the tub into the house during early autumn frosts or if there were problems with heating the greenhouse. Our seedlings are reliable.

Important: you can find information about “frost-resistant oranges”. Remember, this is a myth. No species, varieties, types of oranges are grown in our open field. Yes, there are some species that can withstand slight sub-zero temperatures for some time, but they do not belong to cultivated fruit-bearing varieties. There is no question of any “frost resistance” of fruit citrus fruits in our conditions. Purchase seedlings only from conscientious sellers, in professional nurseries.

And about seedlings from the stone. Any seedlings will bloom not earlier than in 5-7 years and later, if they bloom at all. Don’t waste your time growing something you don’t know, don’t risk your money. Our seedlings will bear fruit in 2-3 years.

Orange - 7 Rules Of Agricultural Technology

The best varieties of indoor orange – the benefits of growing, characteristics

To understand the varieties and better understand the descriptions of the catalog, we note that there are 4 groups of oranges. You can find in the catalog, for example, “the variety belongs to the umbilical”, what is it?

  • Umbilical – a group of varieties of oranges, in which in the lower part of the fruit right under the skin – like another small orange. Children call them “orange with a butt”. They differ in parthenocarpy, do not need pollination for fruiting, practically do not form seeds.
  • Kinglets are small, very sweet, with beautiful blood-red flesh. For example, as the so-called Sicilian oranges, they also say “red meat”. Varieties: Moro, Kara-Kara, etc.
  • Ordinary – fruits with bright yellow flesh, they contain seeds.
  • Jafsky – large fruits with bumpy thick skin, juicy and sweet. The skin contains a lot of essential oils. They produce the brightest orange peel in taste and aroma. And it is this group that is used to produce orange oil.

Features of the best varieties of orange:

  • Navelina – a low variety up to 170 cm tall, is considered medium-sized for indoor. The crown is harmonious, rounded. Umbilical. Does not form seeds. There are no spikes. A fast-growing, grafted seedling will bloom for 2 years already. Ripening – since October. Fruits up to 250 g, very juicy. According to reviews, it gives one of the highest quality fruits.
  • Laint Lathe – characterized by vigorous growth, growth up to 40 cm per season. Height – up to 150-170 cm. Fruits up to 9 cm, weighing up to 300 g, large, orange flesh is very fragrant. Fruits in 2-3 years. Very fruitful, the fruits ripen quickly (up to 50 days). It requires compliance with a stable temperature regime of cultivation, without sharp fluctuations.
  • Gamlin is an early maturing and high-yielding variety popular all over the world. The most undemanding to growing conditions, in comparison with others. The compact crown allows you to comfortably grow it on a home windowsill, in a winter garden. Fruits with a thin dense skin, excellent taste, can be stored for a long time.
  • Washington brought – a very decorative tree, with a beautiful crown – up to 200 cm tall, in a greenhouse – up to 300 cm. The flowers are especially fragrant. Fruits in 3-4 years. Gives very large fruits up to 400 g and more.
  • Valencia is a Spanish variety, relatively small fruits up to 250 g are very sweet, practically without seeds. Beautiful crown, up to 200 cm high, compact. There are few spikes.
  • Adzharian is a compact beautiful tree 120-150 cm, the fruits are small up to 100-200 g. The taste is excellent, bright, sweet. The skin is thin and easily peeled off. The flesh is bright yellow, tender.

Orange: 7 planting rules, growing conditions

Oranges are grown at home and in winter gardens, usually in pots and tubs. In the conditions of a greenhouse or conservatory – it is possible to plant directly in the heated soil. And once again about growing an orange from a seed at home – you can only get greens, but not high-quality fruits.

  1. Seedling preparation. If the roots of the plant are packed in a tube with a substrate – unfold the film, carefully clean the roots, cut with a sharp and clean pruner. Make a solution-mix of preparations Kornevin and Epin Maxi and dip the roots of the seedlings in them for several hours, water the seedlings in containers. This will help young plants to take root quickly and survive the stress of transplanting more easily.
  2. The choice of substrate is soil preparation. The most optimal simple solution is to buy a ready-made citrus substrate. According to the characteristics for cultivation, moderately fertile, light and moisture-intensive soil is suitable. No fresh organics! Optimal composition, peat, some sand, part of fully rotted prepared compost. Be sure to have good drainage at the bottom of the pot.
  3. Proper planting of an orange. Do not take too big a pot for growing. It should only be 2-3 cm larger than the volume of the root system. Once every 1-2 years, transplant the plant as it grows into a larger container. Excessive volume leads to acidification of the substrate, in the parts of the pot free from roots, especially in the cold season. You can navigate by the crown of the seedling – take the container a little more than its width. Do not deepen the root neck. Water well with the addition of the remaining solution of stimulant and rooter. When the water drains into the pan, drain it. Oranges cannot tolerate stagnant water in the root zone. This is one of the biggest growing mistakes.
  4. Temperature and light conditions are the main feature of orange agricultural technology. The optimal temperature for the period of active growth is + 22-24ºC, humidity – 60-70%, and in winter, at a temperature of + 8-12ºC, air humidity – 40-50%. The best exposure is a southeast or southwest window. It is important that in winter the orange is in a bright and cool room. So the plant effectively starts the mechanism of active flowering and fruiting. The process of bud formation, flowering and fruit set takes place at + 15-18ºC, therefore, from mid-February, the temperature is raised to these levels. What to do when growing at home? Take a thermometer and look for a cool place for winter – it can be, for example, a place on the floor near the balcony or in a glazed loggia. And then – rearrange to a lighter window sill on the north window. But, remember, no temperatures below + 5 ° C and even more negative.
  5. The main care is watering, air humidity. How to maintain conditions close to ideal? First, don’t worry – although the orange plant is quite demanding, it is plastic and can adapt to growing conditions. You need a lot of light, but it should be diffused in the summer sun, not direct. Therefore, in the heat, put a protective screen made of white paper, agrofibre is used, etc. In spring, autumn, winter – take care of the maximum possible lighting. Moisten the crown regularly with a sprayer, if the air is too dry, the plant may shed its leaves, they will grow back, of course, but this will negatively affect fruiting. When watering – let the top layer dry by 1-2 cm. Do not overfill, but do not dry it either. Drought-excess water fluctuations – an orange will react with yellowing of the leaves. Ideally, water through the pan, adding a little water to it. When the water has ceased to be absorbed – drain the excess from the pan. In summer, watering is more intense, in autumn – moderate. At a temperature of about + 18 ° C – let the soil dry a couple of centimeters, skip a couple more days and only then water. In winter – no more than 1-2 times a month a little. In winter, it is advisable to put the tub away from the battery or cover the plant with a protective screen so that the dryness of the air is not excessive.
  6. Top dressing. For good growth and fruiting, use good complex fertilizers, they are convenient to combine with watering. When spraying on the leaf a couple of times a week, add a liquid foliar fertilizer to citrus fruits. For greenhouses and conservatories, we recommend long-acting fertilizers. They are effective and convenient for indoor plants. Periodically use organic fertilizers, fresh garden organics cannot be used.
  7. Diseases and pests. Make sure that during the annual transplantation of small plants and the renewal of the top layer of the earth in large tubs by 3-5 cm – only clean substrate is used, ready-made professional or specially processed. Otherwise, you run the risk of bringing diseases and pests with the earth from the garden. If you poured or overcooled the plant, there was a long period of high air humidity at low temperatures – root rot and leaf disease may occur, use fungicides, including prophylactically. With excessive dryness and heat, like other houseplants, oranges can be affected by spider mites – solve the problem with the help of special preparations, detailed instructions are in the publication. If in the summer an orange “walks” in the open air during the warm season – do preventive treatments against pests, fruit-bearing orange trees – protect with biological products.

In summer, plants can be taken out onto the terrace, into the gazebo and directly into the garden, onto balconies, in loggias, subject to agricultural practices. These are very beautiful plants, with graceful delicate flowers, bright and tasty fruits. And the cultivation is quite simple, for such a beautiful southern plant. Try to grow an orange – you will certainly succeed!

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