Lemon is an evergreen tree of the citrus family. We add lemons to tea, season salads with juice, without these fragrant fruits it is difficult to imagine both modern cooking and perfumery. The lemon plant is a shrub or small tree with dense evergreen foliage. The leaves are glossy, leathery, on pronounced petioles. At home, the lemon plant looks decorative all year round. In nature, these are rather tall trees up to 4-5 m, and in room conditions, when grown in containers – up to 150-200 cm, the height is adjusted by pruning as desired.
Lemon fruits are covered with a unique two-layer peel. The color of the upper part varies depending on the variety and the degree of ripeness of the fruit – from light yellow to the color of egg yolk. It is the upper part of the skin that is used in cooking and is called the zest. The lower one is white, loose. The pulp is juicy, separate slices are formed inside the fruit. Lemons bloom beautifully with white or cream flowers. Lemon trees in bloom – will fill your home with an exquisite delicate aroma. The fruits contain essential lemon oil, which is valued in cooking and perfumery.
Under natural conditions, lemons grow in a subtropical climate. These are the most popular citrus fruits and are grown on huge plantations. In our conditions, lemons are grown only indoors, at home or in special greenhouses or greenhouses. Important: in order to get fruits, you need to buy high-quality lemon seedlings. It is rare to grow a fruit-bearing tree from a random bone. And you can wait for the first fruits up to 7-10 years. And grafted seedlings begin to bear fruit already a season after planting.
Benefits of buying quality lemon seedlings
- Lemon seedlings from proven nurseries are early-growing, they are guaranteed to bear fruit in a maximum of 2-3 years after planting, unlike seedlings from the stone.
- An adult plant will consistently bear fruit. And on your table, there will be real homemade fresh lemons, right with the bush.
- Fruits on young lemon plants are formed on branches not lower than the 4th order, that is, after the fourth branching after the main trunk.
- A ripe lemon fruit, if not picked for two seasons, will turn green again, and after a few months it will ripen again and turn yellow.
- There are different varieties of lemon in the catalog – some are small and compact; others are taller and spreading. There are varieties with a richer and paler fruit color, with large fruits and small lemons, with a rich pungent taste and mild sourness.
Important: lemons are heat-loving plants of tropical and subtropical climates. Varietal seedlings are more resistant and quickly begin to bear fruit. But, no lemons winter in our open field, remember this so that dubious sellers do not impose.
The best varieties of indoor lemon – the benefits of growing, characteristics, description
Varietal lemons differ in the structure and height of the bush, growth rate, size and taste of fruits, etc. Features of the best lemon varieties description of varieties:
- Meyer lemon is one of the most popular citrus fruits. When grown at home, this is a compact, very beautiful tree up to 150 cm high. The leaves are dark green, glossy. The flowers are white with a purple hue, very fragrant. The fruits are more round than other types of lemons, with a thin fragrant yellow-orange skin, juicy. The taste is sweeter than other fruits. The flesh is dark yellow with seeds. Meyer lemon is a unique natural hybrid of mandarin, citron and pomelo. According to reviews, it is well suited for growing in containers. Fruits constantly.
- Eureka – the variety is considered easy to care for. It can withstand short-term frosts down to -5°C. The bush is compact up to 150 cm, decorative, with white flowers with a pleasant aroma. The first fruits appear one and a half years after planting. The taste of large fruits up to 150-170 g is sweet and sour, soft. See the catalog for a detailed description.
- Lemon Pavlovsky – a tree with a rounded compact crown of 120-150 cm. The fruits are very large up to 200 g, tasty, with a mild taste. The leaves are light green, bright, shiny, large up to 8-10 cm. Flower buds constantly appear on the tree, simultaneously with growing and ripening fruits. The flowers are fragrant, up to 3 cm in diameter, solitary or in inflorescences of several buds.
- Kyiv large-fruited – a bush with a good dense crown, dark green foliage. Blooms in waves up to three times a year. According to reviews, the largest-fruited variety of the catalog, each lemon weighs up to 500 g. It takes about 5-6 months from flowering to ripening.
- Novogruzinsky – the variety is distinguished by excellent yield at home and high-quality fruits, up to 150 g. Foliage with a light pleasant aroma. The pulp is juicy, tender, with a characteristic sourness.
Room lemon: 7 rules for growing
If you follow the rules of care and create optimal growing conditions for lemon, you can constantly pick lemon fruits from your own home tree.
- Growing substrate. The easiest way is to buy a ready-made mixture for planting citrus fruits. If you want to make the ground for the lemon yourself, then include light leaf and soddy distillation, sand, and a little peat in the mixture. The earth will turn out light, moisture-intensive, moderately nutritious. The recommended level is pH 5.5-6.5.
- Landing. Be sure to put drainage at the bottom of the pot for planting, stagnant water is unacceptable. Pour some substrate, then carefully remove the seedling from the container in which it grew and transfer the earthen lump into a pot. Pour a solution of stimulants Kornevin and Epin Maxi. Do not deepen the root neck.
- Temperature and light. Lemons grow well in a lit place, but not in direct sun, shade in summer with agrofiber, for example. The optimum temperature is +18-22°C. In winter, it is desirable for lemons to organize additional lighting. For the growth of shoots and leaves, the formation of buds, a temperature of + 17 ° C is sufficient. In the heat and when the air in the room is too dry, a lemon can drop buds and ovaries. In winter, the optimum temperature will be + 12-14 ° С.
- Basic care. With a sharp temperature drop, a lemon can drop its leaves, so during such periods, cover the tree with agrofiber to smooth out sudden changes in growing conditions. Mist the foliage with a spray bottle at least 2-3 times a week to maintain optimal air humidity. Lemons do not like air drought. Water the plants with settled water at room temperature as the top layer of the earth dries out. Do not fill, pour out excess water from the pan so that the water does not stagnate, but do not allow it to dry out.
- Top dressing when growing lemon need regular. For active growth and fruit set, use special complex fertilizers, add them to the water along with watering. Liquid fertilizers for citrus fruits perfectly complement the main top dressings, make foliar top dressing of lemon on a regular basis, periodically add organic fertilizers.
- Diseases and pests. When waterlogged, lemon roots can be affected by rot, foliage is also sometimes affected by diseases, so use fungicides, if necessary, if you notice insects or damaged shoots, use insecticides. Fruiting lemon trees – protect with biological products.
- Pruning. If you are more interested in the decorativeness of a lemon tree, shape the crown to your liking, shorten the branches, stimulate branching. For fruit-bearing trees, keep in mind that flowers and fruits are formed on branches from the 4th order, i.e., don’t cut too much.
In summer, you can take lemon plants to the terrace, balcony or loggia. In the garden – choose a place protected from the wind, slightly shaded. Be careful not to burn the leaves. If you follow the rules of cultivation, you will get a significant harvest of lemons.