Daylight is getting noticeably shorter, and the atmosphere of approaching frosts is already in the air? It’s time to think about how to save hydrangeas in winter. Proper preparation will help garden shrubs to confidently survive the cold season. This is a simple procedure, but it has a very large weight – how the wintering of hydrangeas will go in the fall will depend on your efforts.
The determining factor for the preparatory work is the species and application in design. Large-leaved, tree-like and paniculate hydrangeas have their own characteristics and, accordingly, differ in different winter resistance. It is important to understand that limiting yourself to just sheltering a bush or tree is a big mistake. There are some points that are worth talking about in more detail. From this article, you will learn how to care for hydrangeas in the fall, how to prepare hydrangeas for winter, how hydrangeas generally survive in winter at home, and much, much more. Forward!
1. How to plant hydrangea in autumn?
If you were able to buy adult seedlings (for example, Summer Snow hydrangea or Anabel hydrangea), then in principle they can be planted in the fall. They will have time to take root and successfully overwinter if this procedure is performed no later than September. It is necessary to adhere to the basic rules of agricultural technology. The depth of the pit should be approximately 0.5 m, and the width should be 5-10 cm less. Look at the composition of the soil. If she is poor, then you can dig deeper. It is desirable that the soil mixture consists of humus, sod, leafy soil, sand and peat. The distance between seedlings is at least a meter.
As for transplantation, it is highly undesirable to carry it out in the fall, if we are talking about a large-leaved variety. Other types are allowed. You can do this in September. Beginners also often ask: how to propagate hydrangea cuttings in the fall? I must say that the autumn period is not the most successful for this business, but everything is in your hands. Cuttings take root worse in autumn and need to be stored for a long time in winter before planting in open ground.
2. Where to store hydrangea in winter?
Often the answer to the question of how to winterize a young hydrangea is to store the plant indoors. The fact is that it is difficult for newly planted specimens in the winter on the street. They can be stored in the cellar, garage, etc. But provided that the room is not damp and ventilated, otherwise young hydrangeas simply will not overwinter. The optimal temperature regime is in the region of +5 … +7 ° С. Watering or fertilizing is not necessary.
This method of wintering is often practiced. The procedure is simple: we dig up a hydrangea and transfer it to any container that fits in size. For example, a pot or box. Hydrangea in a pot in winter is a common option. Moreover, if you grow your hydrangea in a pot, then you don’t need to dig out before wintering – just change the location to a basement or cellar. How to save hydrangea cuttings in winter? In a similar way. After autumn soaking, they will have enough moisture for the whole winter.
3. How to prune a hydrangea for the winter?
First you need to decide whether to cut the hydrangea in the first year of planting? If you have a young plant, then it definitely does not need extra stress. This can be a maximum sanitary or light regulatory pruning. But in general, yes, hydrangea + winterization = pruning. Classic formula. When to prune hydrangeas in autumn? Optimally – in September. Great if you have quality tools. This is comfort for you and safety for the plant.
Initially, pruning is carried out after flowering, which is always lush if you follow the basic steps. This is in general. But you need to approach each type of hydrangea individually. If the focus is paniculate, pruning is carried out in 2 stages. The first (removal of withered inflorescences) occurs in the fall, and the second (final pruning) occurs in the spring. Care for a tree plant is almost the same, but if you wish, you can carry out a full pruning before wintering and not wait for spring. Large-leaved hydrangea in winter is a different story. It blooms on last year’s inflorescences. Prune better in the spring. Consider the fact that many hydrangeas are a garden decoration even in autumn and winter under snow. If you are not going to completely cover the bushes (in the case of tree-like plants), then pruning is not necessary. You can only remove the leaves.
4. How to feed hydrangea before wintering?
Hydrangea in winter in the country or in the courtyard of your city house will feel much more comfortable if you ennoble its root zone in the fall. Be sure to put things in order: remove debris, all sorts of twigs and leaves. Before the onset of frost, it is advisable to slightly loosen the earth. Watering is gradually stopped, but look at the weather. If September is stingy with rains, then you can add a little water. Moisture irrigation is not carried out. If you are interested in decor, you can dry the hydrangea for a winter bouquet. Of course, before you dry the hydrangea for the winter, its cut inflorescences must be carefully collected.
Mulching plays an important role in preparing for winter. For its implementation, you can use any materials at hand, starting with sawdust, ending with cones. Autumn processing of hydrangeas involves the use of pesticides and diseases. Both vitriol in a minimum concentration and Bordeaux liquid are used.
5. How to properly cover a hydrangea for the winter?
Home care for this decorative tree implies a spring “hike to the hairdresser”. For example, thuja Smaragd almost always retains its rich color after winter, but even it needs to get rid of “junk”. Cut off dry, damaged and painful branches. Sometimes they literally fall off on their own, but in most cases, they still need to be removed manually.
To make pruning comfortable for both the plant and you, be sure to arm yourself with gloves, take proven garden shears or pruners. Gently move away the branches you need and cut off the ones you don’t need. Everything is very simple! Then lightly trim the thuja to make its crown look neater. You can experiment with shapes and designs.
By the way, the haircut must be performed at a low air temperature (no more than 25 degrees Celsius), so spring is ideal for “guiding a marafet”. Be sure that cutting a thuja in the spring is a very entertaining and creative process!
6. How to properly cover a hydrangea for the winter?
In order for the hydrangea to retain its decorative appeal after winter, one must clearly understand what to do with hydrangeas in the fall? Again, look at the view. Tree-like or, as they are called, ordinary ones need protection to a lesser extent, especially in the southern regions, and large-leaved ones are as defenseless as possible against the cold.
So, how to cover a hydrangea for the winter? Starting in October, when the air temperature drops, you can begin to tie the stems. If the bush is large, then it makes sense to divide the stems into separate bundles and tie them with wire, thereby ensuring the compactness of the bush. As a protective material, agrofibre, burlap, etc. are used. Needs to be well trained. Unlike many heat-loving plants, hydrangeas can be covered in one go, rather than in stages. Someone simply throws dry leaves on top and covers with a film already in October, but experienced gardeners still recommend leaving holes for ventilation until noticeable frosts come. If your shelter consists of several layers, then in the spring it needs to be removed gradually, as it warms up.