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Home Technics How To Keep A Hosta In Winter: winterization, shelter, pruning

How To Keep A Hosta In Winter: winterization, shelter, pruning

Hostas are known for their unpretentiousness to weather conditions and good frost resistance in general, but preparation for the harsh Ukrainian winter is never superfluous. Yes, these are the realities … Just recently, you enjoyed the greenery in your garden and it seemed that this fairy tale would last almost forever, but then suddenly autumn came, and the question arises: how to save the hosts until spring and in general, whether it is necessary to cover the hosts for the winter? In order to correctly and structured answer these and other questions, we tried to break all the most interesting information into separate blocks. From the material you will learn what the hosta needs in the fall, what to do to preserve it in frosty weather, and whether the hosta needs to be cut for the winter. Forward, to work, because the heavenly office loves to present surprises.

How does the proper preparation of hosts for winter begin?

Hosta before winter, regardless of the type, loses its vigor. Even if you grow one of the best varieties, its main attraction will still not be flowers, but leaves. Therefore, some gardeners believe that preparing the host for winter in the fall begins at the flowering stage. Withered buds or those that are already beginning to wither can be safely removed along with the stems. If you are familiar with the variety and you know that the flowering is ugly, then you can immediately get rid of some of the flowers. This helps the plant retain the much-needed vitality that is needed for maturation and seed formation. Please note that the hosta at home may lose the color saturation of its foliage.

What to feed hostas in the fall?

It doesn’t matter if the hosta is in a pot outside or in the open field – in any case, she needs nutrients in order to survive the unfavorable period. It is for this reason that hostas are fed with compounds based on phosphorus and potassium before winter. Fertilizers should be applied strictly according to the instructions specified by the manufacturer. Admirers of folk methods use wood ash (about 100-150 grams of ash should be taken per 10-liter bucket). When feeding the plant, try not to hit the leaves – aim strictly under the root. As for nitrogen, it should be applied in spring or early summer, but not in autumn, otherwise it will provoke an increase in green mass, and the winter hardiness of the plant will decrease significantly.

How to prune the hosta for the winter?

Gardeners do not have a single answer to the question: do you need to cut hosta leaves for the winter? The fact is that foliage is a source of nutrients that are naturally sent to the root system. It is the presence of vitamins and minerals or their absence that is one of the factors affecting the color of the leaves. If the leaves turn yellow in autumn, then they are already depleted, and they can be safely removed. In this case, you need to take a sharp tool and leave only “stumps” of about 10-15 cm. If the leaves are still juicy, then it is better not to cut them at all. Except in terms of aesthetics. If the hosta will be stored in the apartment in winter, then there is certainly no reason for pruning. By the way, the hostas of the house in a pot in winter are in a state of sleep in the same way as in the open field.

How to water the hosta in the fall?

The hosta is a real beauty in the shade, which is able to independently signal that it needs moisture. Its usually juicy and resilient leaves become slightly lethargic and lean a little against the ground. This happens not only in the hot months, but also at the beginning of autumn, so do not focus strictly on the weather – be sure to look at the condition of the soil and the plant itself. There is also such a thing as water-charging irrigation. It must be done just before wintering. The volume of water should be large enough to abundantly moisten the ground. As in the case of top dressing, you need to water the earth, and not the green mass. Hosta before winter (her roots in the first place) receives an additional charge of vitality, which she needs both in the ground in a flower bed and in a pot in winter.

Hosta and its reproduction in the fall – is this normal?

There is an opinion that the best period for the reproduction of this plant is spring. In fact, it is, but autumn is no worse. The main thing is that the positive temperature is still stable. Consider the characteristics of your region (at least 3-4 weeks before the first frost). The best way to reproduce is to divide the bush, but the specimen must be an adult and not suffering from any disease. Moreover, if the host is already quite old (about 8-10 years old), then it is not only possible, but even necessary to share. You should carefully dig the plant – so that in no case damage the root system. Then divide the bush into several parts, so that each of them has several sprouts and transplant to the chosen place, taking into account comfortable intervals.

Do I need to cover the host for the winter?

This is a frost-resistant plant, but in Ukraine, especially in cold regions, its shelter is practiced, which is part of the basics of agricultural cultivation. This is not about complete protection, but only about partial. Mulching is the best solution. Someone uses ordinary bark for this, someone takes dry grass or spruce branches, and someone prefers peat. Choose what is more convenient and affordable for you. The bottom line is to form a fairly dense layer (a kind of fur coat 7-10 cm thick). It is necessary to cover the root part, not the leaves. By the way, if you do not cut the foliage, then it will eventually turn into a natural shelter and will protect the roots from winter frosts and high humidity.

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