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4 Most Common Mistakes When Planting Fruit Trees

Did you know that it is impossible to dig a hole for planting a fruit tree on the day of transplantation or the day before? Nothing good will come of it. The soil will soon begin to settle, the root neck of the seedling will be buried, and the gardener will have to do a lot of work to correct the mistake. How and when to dig a hole correctly and what other mistakes gardeners make – in our review.

Pit deeper

What do gardeners most often do when they buy a seedling of the coveted variety of apple, pear or cherry? They go to the garden, dig a hole the size of the container in which the tree grew, or the size of the protruding roots, if the seedling has an open root system. Then they plant a tree, water it and wait for the harvest. And it may not be, even if the plant takes root. And the problem of failure must be sought primarily at the bottom of the landing pit.

The mistake is that many gardeners are too lazy to dig a big hole. After all, the soil is loose only from above, but at a depth it is dense, it is difficult for the roots of a transplanted tree to “break through” it in order to reach the water and grow. Under such conditions, the seedling may not die, but it will not develop and produce a crop. I recommend digging a planting hole about 50-60 cm wide and deep. At the same time, fold the top layer of the earth separately, and remove the bottom layer and do not use it. Next, the loose upper soil must be laid at the bottom of the pit, under the seedling, and the void filled with pre-prepared fertile soil.

In order to make it easier to water the seedling, it is not necessary to pour earthen ramparts around. It is enough to make a landing place in the form of a saucer 7-10 cm deep, with a seedling in the center. In summer, this “saucer” can be mulched, for example, with dried grass from lawns.

Less fertilizer

Trying to help the seedling take root in a new place, some gardeners generously fertilize the soil in the planting hole with various additives. Moreover, they are poured in several layers – every 10-15 cm of the earth. Experts say that such a “treat” is more likely to harm than good, it’s the same as fatty fried meat on an empty stomach in the morning. In order for the plant to feel good after planting, a handful of ash is enough for it, which is poured onto the bottom and stirred with the ground. It is not necessary to scatter it throughout the pit.

Don’t Forget the Root Neck

Beginning gardeners confuse the root collar with the grafting site and bury the plant too much. This leads to his death. The root neck is easy to determine.

Take a damp cloth in your hands and wipe part of the trunk and the beginning of the main – plump roots with it. At the same time, you will immediately notice that in one place the bark on the tree changes color: from greenish it becomes light brown. This place is the border of the root collar.

Cultures that do not propagate by cuttings, for example, apple trees, cannot be buried! But the currant – propagated by cuttings, and its root neck, on the contrary, needs to be buried, – says the agronomist. – As for the pear or cherry, it all depends on the variety, so when buying seedlings, you need to ask the sellers for information about the culture and how to plant a tree. If no one can provide such information, it is better not to take risks and not deepen the root neck.

To be sure of the veracity of the information received about the seedling, it is better to purchase planting material in nurseries.

Be sure to fix the seedlings with pegs!

Focus on the sides of the world

All the same “omniscient” Internet recommends planting fruit trees so that the grafting site “looks” south. To follow this advice is to risk the harvest.

The vaccination site should be located on the north side so that it is not “burned” by the sun. If you are transplanting an adult plant from place to place, remember that you need to plant it relative to the cardinal points in the same way as it grew in its original place. The exception is trees in containers, which are constantly rearranged from place to place, and they are not so dependent on the location.

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